Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts


If you’ve just stepped into the world of trading or thinking to do so, you would have surely heard the term candlestick charts thrown around quite a bit. It would have sounded like a jargon right now; we’re here to help you understand this essential concept for understanding market movements. In this beginner’s guide in the form of a blog, we’ll break down candlestick charts into smaller understandable portions just like in a stock market courses online free with certificate.Itwould then be easier for you to grasp their significance and start using them effectively in your trading journey. Let’s start understating the basics of candlestick charts!

What Are Candlestick charts?

Candlestick charts are graphical representations of price movements during a certain period in the stock markets. These charts were developed by Japanese rice traders in the 18th century to analyse and predict future price movements. Today, they are a very important tool in technical analysis of higher importance to traders and are taught in even stock market free webinar.

Components of a Candlestick: Any candlestick is divided into two main parts, namely body and wick (also known as the shadow).

– Body: The rectangular area or region between the opening and closing prices is called body of the candle. If the closing price is higher than the opening price, the body is typically coloured green or white to represent a bullish (upward) movement. If the closing price is lower than the opening price, the body is usually coloured red or black to signify a bearish (downward) movement. There could be candlesticks with no body too.

– Wick (Shadow): The thin lines extending above and below the body. They represent the highest and lowest prices during the trading period. There could be candlesticks with no wicks too.

Different Types of Candlesticks: To understand candlestick charts, one must understand and be able to identify different types of candlesticks. They come in various shapes and sizes, each conveying specific information about market sentiment. Here are the three primary types:

– Bullish Candlesticks: These candlesticks indicate a bullish sentiment. It means that the market is optimistic about an instrument’s future. For example, a “Bullish Engulfing” candlestick pattern is a strong indicator of a potential upward trend in coming time.

– Bearish Candlesticks: Conversely, bearish candlesticks suggest a bearish sentiment. It signals pessimism about the instrument in the market. The “Bearish Engulfing” pattern, for instance, often foreshadows a potential downward trend in coming time.

– Doji Candlesticks: Doji candlesticks have nearly equal opening and closing prices, forming a cross-like shape. They indicate market indecision and are crucial in recognizing potential reversals.

Reading Candlestick Charts: The key to understanding candlestick charts isunderstanding candlestick pattern. They are formed by one or more candlesticks and cumulatively provide insights into market sentiment. Let’s explore a few common ones:

– Hammer: This bullish pattern resembles a hammer, with a small body near the top and a long lower wick. It indicates potential upward momentum.

– Shooting Star: The shooting star is a bearish pattern characterized by a small body near the bottom and a long upper wick. It suggests a potential reversal to the downside.

– Spinning Top: Spinning tops have small bodies and long wicks on both sides, indicating market indecision.

Multiple Candlestick Pattern: Some patterns involve a sequence of candlesticks. With knowledge of these patterns from best stock market courses in Delhi, one could add more depth to their interpretation:

– Engulfing Patterns (Bullish and Bearish): These patterns occur when one candlestick completely engulfs the previous one. A bullish engulfing pattern suggests a potential upward reversal, while a bearish engulfing pattern implies a potential downward reversal. For this pattern to form, a particular sequence of falling price candles or rising price candles is needed.

– Three White Soldiers and Three Black Crows: These are strong reversal patterns. Three white soldiers signal a bullish reversal, while three black crows indicate a bearish reversal.

– Morning Star and Evening Star: Morning stars are bullish patterns, suggesting a potential upward trend, while evening stars are bearish patterns, hinting at a potential downward trend. These two patterns are immensely popular and are taught in almost every stock market training institute.

Reversal Patterns vs. Continuation Patterns: It’s important to distinguish between reversal and continuation patterns. Reversal patterns, as the name suggests, indicate a potential change in the prevailing trend. Continuation patterns, on the other hand, suggest that the current trend is likely to continue. A trader willing to start their trading journey should be able to distinguish between continuation and reversal patterns. Now let’s dive deeper into how to interpret these patterns, use them to understand candlestick charts and use them effectively in your trading decisions.

How to analyse candlestick charts?

It is vital to understand that any candlestick pattern is not sufficient to take a trade. To analyse candlestick charts, one should consider the broader market context, such as support and resistance levels, volume, and other technical strategies. These patterns must be used in conjunction with the above-mentioned strategies and concept. This would help in transforming the strategy into a trading setup which would generate profits for investment and add to power of compounding . Here’s a brief overview how analysis could be done:

– Identifying Market Sentiment: The first and foremost thing you should do is recognize whether the market sentiment is bullish, bearish, or indecisive based on the patterns you see.

– Support and Resistance Levels: Identify and mark key support and resistance levels, on the same timeframe of the chart on which you wish to take the trade. It would assist you in making informed entry and exit decisions.

– Using Candlestick Patterns with Other Technical Indicators: Combine candlestick analysis i.e., candlestick patterns with your support and resistance levels and initiate a respective trade when a patten is found at a level.

Applying candlestick pattern in real trading: Now that you understand the basics of candlestick charts and patterns, it’s time to put your knowledge into practice. Here are some practical tips:

– Backtesting: Before risking any real capital into markets, you must practice identifying and trading candlestick patterns on historical data. This would build up your skill in finding patterns in real time, while at the same time, you can assess the accuracy and profitability of your trading setup.

– Risk Management: You must always use proper risk management techniques, such as setting stop-loss orders, having risk per trade limited to not more than 5%, to protect your capital. It would be utterly foolish to deploy all your trading capital in one single trade.

– Common Mistakes to Avoid: You must be aware of common pitfalls, such as overtrading or ignoring the broader market context. Remember that market is superior, and you must respect it. There is not point in proving that you are always right in your trades and doing revenge trading. if the day is not yours. As a rule, one could take a maximum of 3 trades a day, or more only if they are able to handle it.

A few important tips for beginners: To become proficient in candlestick analysis, you must follow these best practices:

– Continuous Learning: You should keep learning and practicing candlestick patterns. If you stop practising, you might end up taking a wrong trade. Candlestick analysis is a skill that improves with time and experience gained by practising regularly on candlestick charts.

– Books and Resources: You can also explore books and online resources dedicated to candlestick analysis. It is noteworthy to remember that there would be variations with the requirements of a candlestick pattern so you must try and test one thoroughly before jumping to another.

– Paper Trading and Practice: If you’re a complete beginner who hasn’t taken a single trade ever, then you must do paper trading (simulated trading with no real money) first. This would help you refine your order taking skills and psychology without risking capital. Staying true to your thoughts and order placements would be an integral part of paper trading. You can even paper trade this strategy on best penny stocks to understand why they have so much risk involved.

To learn more about candlestick pattern, one could refer to sources such as Investopedia, Varsity by Zerodha or even top 5 Online Stock Market Courses in India.


In conclusion, candlestick charts are a powerful tool for traders and investors to understand market sentiment and make informed decisions. While this guide provides a solid foundation, remember that mastering candlestick analysis takes time and practice. Stay curious, keep learning, and apply your knowledge wisely. With dedication and patience, you’ll unlock the potential of this valuable tool in your trading journey.

For further learning opportunities, you could consider joining a stock market free webinar or enrolling in one of the Top 5 Online Stock Market Courses in India. Don’t forget to look for stock market courses online free with certificate through a reputable stock market training institute near me.

Now that you’ve completed this beginner’s guide to candlestick charts, you’re well on your way to becoming a more informed and confident trader. Happy trading!

Our blogs are made for educational purposes only, and we do not provide investment recommendations. We are not SEBI-registered advisors and do not accept cryptocurrency payments. We present publicly available facts and data, not favoring any company.

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