Table of Contents

Table of Contents

What Causes the Stock Market to Crash?

What Causes The Stock Market To Crash?

Geopolitical issues, disease-related news stories and external economic changes can cause stock markets to crash. One way of protecting yourself against these problems is investing in long-term investments rather than short-term ones.

Stock market crashes refer to sudden and dramatic drops in share prices that occur due to investor panic or the collapse of long-term speculative bubbles.


The stock market is an investment hub where many people invest. Some may invest systematically for years and build up wealth; if there is an unexpected crash, all their savings may vanish in an instant, impacting confidence levels and leading them to cease making a systematic approach again going forward. This reduces overall market investment significantly.

There is no single number that defines a stock market crash; however, typically it means when stock values in an index or exchange drop by more than 10% within one day – whether or not that means collapse of any specific sector or industry – and panic ensues as investors sell off shares rapidly – typically lasting several days or weeks at most.

Stock markets have an intricate balance that makes predicting their demise difficult, yet sometimes crashes do happen without much damage done to the economy or society as a whole. There are certain key factors which could cause this collapse such as economic factors.

War is one of the primary factors in market crashes, as investors lose trust in governments at war and consequently their stock prices. Terrorism also can create panic among investors and cause them to disempower companies they previously believed in.

There are other causes for stock market crashes, including over-speculation and debt-fueled booms, which often end in corrections that degenerate into full-scale crashes. A stock market crash can have devastating repercussions for an economy and cause many people to lose their life savings; leading to recession and higher unemployment rates as a result.


Terrorism is often one of the primary factors leading to stock market crashes, as terrorist attacks cause chaos and fear among populations, prompting people to sell off their shares. This phenomenon is especially evident in countries with frequent terrorist attacks; one notable case being Shanghai Stock Exchange which reached an all-time high before plummeting by 40 percent within one month – prompting many questions as to its cause and how best to prevent future crashes.

Terrorism’s impact on the stock market can vary significantly depending on its type and effect on the economy. Attacks against military or government targets tend to have more of an effect than ones directed against civilians; fatality counts also have an impactful result when attacks take place in non-confrontational environments.

Uncertainty also plays an integral part in stock market performance, with investors remaining uncertain about the economic repercussions of a terrorist attack as well as its extent of damage to property and the economy – an impact which typically lasts only days at most.

Terrorist attacks are major events, which can shake up economic cycles and cause recession or unemployment to decrease, as well as an increase in interest rates and inflation. Their impacts usually only last short-term; natural disasters or war are usually much more devastating; lasting destruction is possible for entire nations through natural disasters alone.


An unexpected drop in oil prices can set off a stock market crash, since oil affects virtually every sector of the economy from agriculture to manufacturing and energy production. Investors may panic sell in order to cover losses or meet margin calls; often this spiral leads to recession.

Stock market crashes often stem from overconfidence. In the 1920s, for instance, stocks were increasing at 20 percent annually and many people felt encouraged by its steady performance. This caused reckless spending among both average consumers and small investors who used buying-on-margin strategies allowing them to purchase stocks with only a portion of their actual value – contributing significantly to an asset bubble that led to 1929 crash.

Another cause of stock market crashes can be found in a change in government. When an unfamiliar government takes office and is unfavorable to investors, panic may set in, leading to stocks to begin declining dramatically.

Finally, natural disasters may also lead to stock market crashes. Hurricanes, earthquakes and volcanoes can wreak havoc across a country’s economy and make people less inclined to invest in stocks; this in turn reduces funds available for companies and banks while diminishing consumer trust – all factors which can eventually cause recession, which has devastating repercussions for stocks markets worldwide.


Stock market bubbles form when an asset’s price exceeds its intrinsic value for any number of reasons, such as low interest rates, an expanding economy or the introduction of a new technology. They may also be driven by optimism or greed as investors speculate with margin trading to increase returns – these factors cause prices to skyrocket and fuel speculation before bursts occur, sending prices plunging rapidly downward resulting in losses for investors.

When bubbles pop, they can have devastating consequences for an economy as a whole. A reduction in GDP, high unemployment and lack of consumer trust are just some of the negative results. Furthermore, this financial crisis may leave banks and other lending institutions struggling to lend money; leading to decreased corporate investment and decreased profits for companies as well as consumers ceasing spending money on goods and services. A stock market crash can further impact consumers as spending ceases.

As part of protecting yourself against losses associated with stock market crashes, it’s crucial that you understand what causes a crash. One effective strategy to do this is by learning to recognize signs of bubbles – these include increased trading volume and an unexpected shift away from fundamentals as well as positive or negative feedback loops which may amplify or depress market prices respectively.

Are you curious to gain more knowledge in trading the markets? SteadyTrade can offer twice daily mentorship sessions that provide essential instruction. Get started for just $7!

Video on Bubble

Change in Government

Market crashes often result from multiple causes. Excessive speculation in the markets can drive prices uncontrollably up; when prices correct themselves, investors must sell off their shares which causes share prices to decline and may trigger a recession, negatively affecting an economy in turn.

War can divert resources away from other sectors of an economy and into defense spending, which could cause its economy to crash. Terrorist threats also often panic investors into selling their shares prematurely – so taking precautionary steps against stock market crashes should always be a top priority.

Change in government can also cause economic turmoil as people lose faith in its economy, leading to decreased currency value and potentially leading to financial crises and stock market crashes.

Stock market crashes may also be caused by debt-fueled booms. Investors use borrowed money to invest in stocks, expecting a return. When their investments suffer losses and they must repay lenders again – this often sets off chain reactions leading to crashes that cause recessions across various nations; such was the case after 1929’s crash triggered Great Depression which resulted in millions losing savings and jobs as well.

Our blogs are made for educational purposes only, and we do not provide investment recommendations. We are not SEBI-registered advisors and do not accept cryptocurrency payments. We present publicly available facts and data, not favoring any company.

more to explore

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Discover the 5-step stock selection process in our next webinar

Date: Tuesday, 23rd April at 7:30PM IST

We respect your privacy: Your data is secure and you can unsubscribe at any time